Fitness is a noun with two meanings:
– A condition, physically fit and healthy or suitable – in biology ‘fit for survival’.
– An ability; One is fit for a particular role or task.
Fitness is used internationally about health and physical performance in a broad sense. The fitness concept also refers to physical exercise in gyms and fitness centres, or at home, outside, on your own or with a trainer. Physical fitness includes cardiovascular fitness, coordination, strength and mobility.
Mental fitness includes positive thinking; problemsolving, concentration and relaxation.
Fitness training definition
Fitness training with quality is evidence-based, safe, promotes and performs and gives rise to rewards. Maximum training effect with minimum time and minimum risk of overload and maximum motivation resulting in perseverance (Aagaard, 2009):
Optimal effect, minimal time effort, minimal risk, maximum motivation.
One-on-one. Personal training.
One repetition maximum. The maximal weight one can lift once, 100%.
Special partial fasting that promote weight loss while retaining muscle mass. You usually eat (healthy) five days of the week two days, separated by at least one day of normal eating, you eat a low-calorie dinner at approx. 500-600 kcal. Authors: Michael Mosley and Mimi Spencer.
Five kilometer (run).
Ten kilometer (run).
Abdominal flexion focusing on the rectus abdomines muscle with minimal activation of the hip flexor. A traditional ab curl with approx. 30 degrees flexion of the spine, upper body curl up from the ground.
Abbreviation for abdominals, abdominal muscles.
Strength based on actual amount of kilos lifted (versus relative strength)
Movement away from the midline of the body.
Meter per second squared, m/s². The rate of change of velocity of an object with respect to time.
A biological phenomenon, which means that the response, to the same stimulus, decreases over time.
In training, it means that the training must be varied and progressively adjusted to ensure continued progress.
American Council on Exercise. USA. International organization that promotes fitness and health know-how and education. Publishing books and holding fitness certifications.
American College of Sportsmedicine. USA. International organization that promotes health and exercise and publish recommendations for training and nutrition.
Publishing books and holding fitness certifications. www.acsm.org .
Anterior Cruciate Ligament. Important ligament for stability of the knee.
Adaptation. Of to adapt, to adapt to …
The body must have time to adapt; the training should ‘have time to work’.
Movement towards the midline of the body.
The movement of the arm or leg back towards the body.
Activities of Daily Living. Ordinary Daily Living / Living.
Everyday activities, physical activity.
Exercise (Level), Exercise, Advanced Exercise.
AEE (Activity Energy Expenditure)
The part of energy turnover that comes from physical activity.
With (sufficient) oxygen. There is enough oxygen for the current work level.
Of aerobic exercise or aerobics. Earlier also called dance-exercise. Now often called cardio or various marketing names. Popular and easily accessible form of group training focusing on fitness training, while simultaneously improving coordination.
Light or difficult sequences with variations; jogging, running, jumping, twisting and upper body movements. With music and continuous instruction.
Afferent, Sensory, Nerve Impulses, delivering central nervous system input, CNS.
Agility and speed. Exercise that trains the reaction ability and ability to accelerate, decelerate and change direction. An important element in functional training and sports training. Drills with general or specific exercises related to sports requirements.
The working, responsible, primary muscle in a movement. The agonist is responsible for both stages of exercise, the concentric phase (muscle shortens and moves the joint) and the eccentric phase (the muscle is extended and the joint moves back to neutral).
Explosive jumping jack in the air. Jump up: arms and legs out.
Land softly with legs together.
The process that appeals to us: Age-related (endogenous) influences : Internal slow-moving changes, which include accumulation of DNA damage and reduced repair capacity. Age-related (exogenous) influences : External effects of the cells (sun, diet, smoking, cosmetics, inactivity). Biological aging is a combination of internal changes (inheritance / genes) and external influences. Aging can not be stopped, but is significantly reduced by physical activity and healthy lifestyle.
Organic substance containing nitrogen. Protein building blocks.
Range of motion, the size of the motion large or small, eg full range of motion, ROM.
Abbreviation for as many rounds as possible or as many reps as possible, as many repetitions or (circuit) rounds as possible.
A CrossFit expression that refers to intensive workouts performed with time frame;
A number of exercises in a certain time or a number of rounds in a certain time.
Without (sufficient) oxygen.
The science of organisms, e.g. human structure and form. Knowledge of anatomy is fundamental as a basis for the design of healthy and effective training.
Animal inspired movements for warm-ups or special strength training. Eg gorilla, bear, crocodile, scorpion, reptile etc. The Animal Flow concept is one example.
Anorexia (anorexia nervosa)
Eating disorder, compulsive [not] eating disorder, disease.
Muscle with the opposite movement of the agonist, the primary muscle in a motion analysis.
Front of the body, to the front, or in front of, anatomical expression.
Anti-aging (or rather well-aging). Used about various strategies to slow the aging process, cosmetic as well as training and other.
A chemical substance antioxidant (antioxidant), which inhibit oxidation (removes potentially damaging oxidizing agents in a living organism).
The science of human measures: Height, kilo, perimeter and fat percentage.
An app, is an application software that can be downloaded from the net to an iphone, smartphone, tablet (tablet pcs, ipad, kindle, etc.), pc or similar.
There are millions of apps, programs, about training, fitness, running, diet and exercise. There are both good and bad. The best apps are excellent as a motivational tool, training diary and “personal trainer”.
Active Range of Motion, Active Movement.
Blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the muscles.
Anaerobic threshold (anaerobic threshold).
Threshold where the level of lactic acid in the blood begins to rise (markedly).
The anaerobic processes dominate.
Ass to (the) grass. Squat with buttocks deep down to the calves. CrossFit expression.
Adenosine Triphosphate, Chemical Substance, Muscle Fuel.
From Greek a- ‘u-‘ and trophe ‘nutrition’, ‘food’.
Decreasing size of a body or cell. Seen in malnutrition, lack of physical activity, eg less movement with age, injury or illness.
Extreme atrophy is called kakeksi.
Especially in fitness dance; with attitude, style, attitude.
Also position in ballet.
Thrown or explosive movement. Typically not controlled, but uncontrolled.
Acronym for Biomechanical Ankle Platform System. A tilting and balancing board where you can mount hemispheres of different sizes under the board.
Bar for plate loading – or fixed plates. A classic Olympic barbell,
is 220 cm, 50 mm Ø, and weight of 20 kg.
There are also lighter barbells of 10 and 15 kg.
Bare foot running
Barefoot Running. A bar-running program. Generally, running in bare feet is natural but hard on hard surfaces and requires exercise. Bare foot running has become popular during recent years.
Basis, Basic. Basic Exercise.
Abbreviation for barbell.
Branched-Chain Amino Acid. Amino acids with branched side chains (BCAA) .
supplements; more protein for muscle building (without consuming too much carbohydrates).
Music basic rhythm, beat. To be on the beat: To follow the rhythm of music.
Forward bend (lean), such as in bent-over rowing movement.
Body fat percentage. Percentage of body fat (of body mass).
Blood Flow Resisted Exercise. See occlusion training.
The body’s movements and strain on the bones, joints and nervous system.
A special form of yoga. A 90 minute long program with 26 positions, asanas, performed in a 40 degree warm room.
Advantages according to followers: Increased blood circulation. Disadvantages: Risk of dehydration and discomfort.
Both limbs, arms and / or legs work simultaneously – versus unilateral.
Of Weblog, Website Logbook. Multiple blogs. A website that is regularly updated with posts with shorter or longer texts, about a single or many different topics. For example, a blog may be in a diary, article form or news form. A blogger is the one who writes or edits a blog.
There are a lot of blogs about fitness, exercise, health and diet written by both laymen and professionals. Content is of mixed quality, from fake news, unhealthy, misleading information to fun, top-motivating and / or serious scientific information.
It is recommended to check the source.
Part. For example, choreography part of 4 × 8 beats, or a strength training program part.
Blood Flow Restricted Exercise, BFRE (or BFR Training)
See Occlusion Training .
Body Mass Index. BMI = weight (kg): height² (m).
Basal Metabolic Rate . Basal metabolism, metabolism.
The body’s energy needs at rest.
Muscle training to shape the body and build larger muscles.
Focus is the harmony between upper body (V-shape) and lower body and front and back with clearly marked muscles.
The body composition of fat-free mass, FFM, and fat mass, FM.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Weight in relation to height; numbers relate to body weight and health status.
BMI = weight (kg): height² (m).
Although there is uncertainty, for example for very muscular athletes, BMI calculation is widely used in health care for guidance.
Or mindbody. Exercise focused on both body and mind, with an inward focus.
For example yoga, tai chi and qi gong and many martial arts disciplines.
Strength training in group exercise. With body weight and equipment like dumbbells, rubberband etc. etc. Bodysculpt is another name – or group strength training.
Bootcamp (boot camp)
Originally soldiers ‘stroppeture’ in military boots. Now a very widespread name for various types of hard training programs, inside and out, or weight loss and fitness courses that run over a limited, intensive period of time.
A scale for rating perceived exertion. Created by Gunnar Borg.
The Borg scale is based on a close correlation between the degree of effort and the heart rate during work (training). The scale goes from 6-20 (adding 0 corresponds to the pulse range from resting to maximal heart rate 60-200).
Borg also developed a slightly different CR10 scale from 0-10.
Both Sides Up (and Both Sides Utilized). Marketing name for a large dome-shaped blue air disc used for fitness training, eg fitness, strength, stability and balance.
Used in individual training and in group exercise: BOSU training.
Easy jogging. Moderate impact activity.
Rock climbing as a workout. Performed on walls / mountains below 5 meters high.
Free climbing, mostly without a line, but a mat underneath. In clubs, some gyms and fitness centres.
Bench press. Bench press. Barbell chest (and shoulder and triceps) exercise.
Beats per minute. Number of beats per minute (music rhythm).
Pause. Stop. For example, in education, training or music.
Teaching method in choreography formidling. Teaching parts one at a time.
Short. Anatomy expression.
Transition: In choreography for example a connection between movements. In music a transition between different parts.
Concerning the lungs.
From bro, short for brother, meaning friend or group member, and science, science. A condescending expression, referring to myths and misunderstandings conveyed as being facts by laymen with limited knowledge. The term is widespread in fitness and other training contexts, where misunderstandings are abundant.
Back squat. Squat with barbell on the upper back.
Blood Pressure. Blood pressure on blood vessels, arterial walls. Blood pressure depends on how powerfully the heart pumps the blood and how much resistance the blood meets in the vascular system, the walls of the arteries.
Blood pressure is measured in mm of mercury and the standard is 120/08 mm Hg (up to 140/90 mmHg). Several factors determine whether a given blood pressure is a risk factor.
The two numbers indicate systolic blood pressure, the heart’s contraction phase when the heart pumps the blood and diastolic blood pressure, the heart’s rest phase when the heart is filled with blood.
High blood pressure wears the heart and arteries and is associated with a number of diseases, such as heart conditions and atherosclerosis.
Body Training Systems. The world’s largest provider of concept programs, such as BodyPump, BodyCombat, BodyStep, BodyAttack, BodyBalance, BodyJam, Sh’Bam, BodyVive, CXWORX, RPM (cycling) and Les Mills Grit Strength, Grit Plyo and Grit Cardio Born to move.
Founded by Les Mills , New Zealand.
Build. Bodybuilding, whether body or method. Build choreography, eg part-whole.
Bulimia (bulimia nervosa)
Eating disorder, vomiting after eating, disease.
You can often not spot this disease (often normal bodyweight).
To make your muscles grow, hypertrophy, through exercise and targeted diet (calorie excess).
A fluid-filled sac or sac-like cavity, which reduces friction in the body.
BW (or BWT)
Bodyweight. Expression is also used in relation to impact, force in number of times of body weight. Also an abbreviation in CrossFit.
Couch to 5K. From the couch, inactivity, to a km run. Running program for beginners.
Cable. Used in connection with cable training exercises, eg biceps cable curl.
Strengthening exercises. Often with body weight on floor without tools or in racks.
Older form of floor exercises, muscular training, with small movements.
Inventor: Callan Pinckney, USA.
The smallest branches of the blood vessels.
Head, the thick end of the bone or body.
Regarding the heart, circuits, eg circuit training.
The condition section of an aerobics class or session.
Cardiovascular exercise especially on machines (in gyms).
Downward (towards the “tail” (cauda), buttocks), away from the head. Anatomy expression.
Compact disc, music medium for training. CD.
Abbreviation for cooldown.
Continueing Education Credit, points for updating instructor certificates internationally.
Relating to the neck part of the spine. 7 vertebrae, C1-C7.
CrossFit Total: Includes max squat, pressure and death lift.
Degeneration of joint cartilage, typically on the back of the knee bone (patella).
Circuits. Training in a ‘circuit’, i.e. exercises are trained in a continuous series (almost) without breaks. The training is often done in a circular format, but can be organized in several ways.
C & J
Clean and jerk abbreviation, for example, used in CrossFit.
Closed Kinetic Chain (Training): Closed chain. Exercise with the distal segment, distal end of the body part, fixed. Recommended method of knee rehabilitation (ACL injuries).
Climbing like sports, sports and exercise. Climbing with harness and rope is secured. Climbing (or bouldering) Has become widely used in activity centers and certain major gyms.
Clean (short) abbreviation, for example, is used in CrossFit.
Closed-chain (Closed Kinetic Chain)
Closed chain. Exercise with the distal segment, distal end of the body part, fixed.
Clubs. Exercise tool, reminiscent of baseball clubs. Weight from 2.5-20 kg.
Suitable for especially swing exercises. One can train with low load and achieve high power development.
Central nervous system. Spinal cord and brain.
The antagonist in a movement is contracted simultaneously with the agonist.
Center of gravity.
Muscle ‘room’ (surrounded by fascia). Anatomy expression.
Adherence to a prescription or exercise program.
Composite exercise. Exercise for multiple muscle groups.
Protruding part of bone. Anatomy expression.
To pull together. Muscle tension, muscle contraction. Expression from dance.
Non-stop, continued work.
Unacceptable; certain conditions can make an exercise unreasonable for certain participants.
Collaboration between CNS, nerves and muscles.
Hormone that increases metabolism and body temperature, prepares body at work (fight). Also called a stress hormone; Important function for limited periods, while prolonged periods of increased cortisol levels weaken and break down the body.
Medicine, which inhibits inflammation.
Contralateral (English dictionary) ([kon “trah-lat’er-al)
Related to, originating from or acting on the opposite side of a reference point, eg on the body. Opposite: Ipsilateral.
Meeting, gathering, congress, eg fitness congress.
Cooling down after exercise, 5-10 minutes at low intensity.
From core. Exercises targeting the body centre; abs and back, outer and inner unit muscles with dynamic ab and back exercises and isometric exercises.
Count, to count (eight-count).
For example countdown as pep talk in training.
Maximum muscle contraction – beyond the power of the will.
Upward, towards the head. Anatomy expression.
American training concept invented by Greg Glassman with short workout with high intensity strength training with basic exercises, body weight training, weightlifting and sprint training. No machine training. Focus on today’s workout, WOD.
Mix of different types of training. Can be done indoors and outdoors.
Creatine phosphate, used in the energy process to form ATP.
Cross-Sectional Area. Muscle cross sectional area. Expressions are used in strength training programs.
Instructions, visually, verbally or manually. Of English cue , keywords.
Bending (of a joint). Used in exercise names, eg biceps curl and hamstring curl.
Cutting (to cut)
To make the muscles appear ‘cut’ by lowering the body’s fat percentage through exercise and diet (calorie deficit)..
One of three powerlifting discipline exercises. Weight bar and slices lifted from the floor with legs, hips and back.
Several variations with straight and bent legs.
Abbreviation for dumbbell.
A position with the head down. E.g. on a sloping bench.
Relieve. To train at lower load.
Remove weight. Expression is used about removing plates after a set, so that you continue with a lower weight. Can be planned or not planned …
Abbreviation for deltoids, shoulder muscles, m. Deltoideus.
The period of time when the heart ventricles are relaxed (not contracting)
Dip (dips in majority)
Lower or dip. Used for exercises where the body is lowered. For example:
Triceps dips, for arms, shoulders and chest. Controversial: Hard for shoulders.
Leg dips, for the lower body, squat on one leg with the other free (off box).
Free end, away from the center of the body. Anatomy expression.
Deadlift. Deadlift. The abbreviation is used in CrossFit training.
Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, muscle fatigue 24-48 t after exercise.
Cannot be relieved by stretching, however general stiffness may be reduced.
Back of the foot or hand, to the back, backside of the body.
Double, two or ‘two-repeater’. Two continuous repeats.
Small rod with small removable plates or similar with fixed plates.
Metal or vinyl-clad (sometimes cloth, but this becomes very dirty).
Dynamic effort method (DE)
Explosive Strength Training. The term is used in weight lifting and steering lift on explosive strength.
Instrument for measuring power development in motion.
Difficulty in breathing.
Exercise intensity can be determined in part from the difficulty in breathing.
Body Type, slender bone structure, slim muscles and low fat percentage.
Fluid build up e.g. in lower legs (often from sitting too long).
Electronic Dance music. Popular club dance music with mix, distinctive rhythm and synthesizer tracks. Urban Dictionary: 128 BPM “big room” rage music from eg Tiësto, Hardwell a.o.
Result. In physics, power is defined as work / time. Measured in watts (W).
Essential Amino Acids, Essential Amino Acids; we cannot produce them ourselves.
To be supplied via diet or supplement.
Efferent motor, nerve impulses, transmit output from CNS, central nervous system.
EIM | Exercise is Medicine
American, Global Health Initiative Started by ACSM; aims to encourage and assist doctors and other health professionals to include physical activity in connection with patient treatment plans. www.exerciseismedicine.org.
Abbreviation for Every Minute On the Minute; An intensive, time-effective exercise variation: You start each set when a new minute begins and performs the set as quickly as possible with good form. Then you can spend the rest time – no more than that – for rest-pause. When the next minute starts, you start the next set.
Body Type – larger body frame, often with extra fat deposits.
Electrocardiogram. Registration of the heart stroke.
Electromyography. Registration of impulses of muscle contraction.
Tissue/fascia around muscle fibers.
The daily energy requirement depends on the body’s needs and is the amount of energy you need to consume for the body to function satisfactorily without deficiency symptoms and disease. The energy requirement is calculated from the baseline metabolism and physical activity level (PAL) level assessment; daily physical activity and exercise activity.
Adults typically have a daily energy requirement of 10-14 MJ, but there may be big variations. If you want to know more about the energy demand, it can be calculated from a formula and norms.
Complex protein molecule. Catalyst in the (body) chemical processes.
Excess Post-exercise Oxygen Consumption. After exercise energy (oxygen consumption) may still be high (eg 30-40% extra) after high-intensity or prolonged exhausting exercise.
Balance. Caloric intake that balances intake with output.
About extension, ref. to the back extensor muscles, erector spinae.
Apparatus for measuring muscle work (eg ergometer cycle).
Turning outwards e.g. foot.
Muscle action, the muscle is elongated.
To train, to work out, an exercise.
Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption.
EPOC. After high-intensity exercise, the body continues to consume extra oxygen long after exercise.
Exhalation. You breathe out through the nose (at rest) and / or the mouth.
Speed ’as fast as possible’ during the exercise (especially contraction phase). Especially in compound exercises for big muscles.
Exercises the fast white, muscle fibers. For training after training.
Straightening of a joint.
Straightening, extending the whole body; a dance move.
Exercise Recommendations, Abbreviation. Recommended exercises or recommended exercise dose. Name of Exercise Homepage exrx.net.
Body parts, limbs.
Curved, short bar, especially for arm training.
Promote. Make something easier.
From ‘ failure ‘: You lift until failure; you cannot complete another repetition.
A circular kick.
In martial arts and combat fitness training or dance.
Fat-free mass . Body mass excluding fat mass, body fat-free parts.
Fat-free mass can refer to any tissue that does not contain fat.
Fit for survival. Expression from cell biology. Now often refers to international health and fitness and fitness training in gyms. The National Board of Health defines it as a collective expression of physical performance, ie. both aerobic, strength, speed, etc.
Muscle that stabilizes bone during movement. Stabilizing muscle.
To contract a muscle to bend a joint.
Or the actual movement: Flex your wrist.
Bending of a joint.
Floor exercises. Resistance training sitting and lying on the floor.
Free style. Not choreographed. Not planned in advance.
Frequency, how often. Number of workouts per week. Beats per minute (BPM). Oscillations per second (Hz).
Functional Range of Motion. The functional, appropriate move.
On, by, to the front. Typically about front squat with barbell resting on chest and shoulders.
Front squat (short leg bend) shortening. For example, used in CrossFit.
Fast twitch, fast contraction (white muscle fiber). FTa, fast, white. FTx, even faster, white.
Training for everyday or sport-specific function.
Can be all sorts of exercises as long as they have function, including isolation.
The term often refers to free exercises and not machine exercises.
(Exercises) Related to everyday of sports function.
Borg’s 10-scale for assessment of exercise intensity. The term is also used on various 10-scales for evaluation of exercise during exercise.
Any muscle work that increases energy turnover in the skeletal muscle, ie both unstructured activity and more conscious, targeted regular physical activity (National Board of Health, 2011).
Glute Ham Raise, Exercise for hamstrings and buttocks.
Glute Ham Developer Abbreviation. Develops hamstrings and buttocks.
Glycemic Index. How fast your blood sugar rises after eating a particular food item. The number is based on a reference value of 100 (often glucose or white bread). Over 70 – high GI. 55-70 – medium GI. Under 55 – low GI.
Sugar, found in nature and in the blood (blood sugar).
Abbreviation for gluteal muscles. Especially about the buttocks, gluteus maximus.
Glucose is stored in the body’s tissues as glycogen.
General Physical Preparedness, abbreviation, actual physical fitness.
Deep broad squat / knee bend (like sumo squat).
Aerobics movement: From ‘vine’.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass are brought toward one another, including objects ranging from atoms and photons, to planets and stars.
Grease the groove: CrossFit method with many submaximal sets of an exercise.
Golgi Tendon Organ. Golgi, a sensory organ, which triggers the anti-myotatic reflex. Relaxation of the muscle.
Abbreviation for hamstrings (English), group of muscles on back of leg:
m. Biceps femoris, m. Semitendonosus, m. Semimembranosus.
Behind leg, back of leg, group:
m. Biceps femoris, m. Semitendonosus, m. Semimembranosus.
Measured in meters / second. 1 km / h = 0.278 m / s.
Important parameter in training. Make exercises harder and more intensive.
An advantage for experienced exercisers, often a disadvantage for beginners.
Hand to hand. About kettlebell juggling technique or fighting method.
High Impact, eg HIA, high impact aerobics. With an airborne phase, both feet above the floor, and an impact force during landing, which corresponds to around 2-3 times the weight of the body.
Heavy rope (training)
Long, heavy rope, you can move or swing in various directions and patterns. Strengthens muscles and heart. Also called battle rope.
Popular in so-called functional training.
Heart rate, heart frequenzy per minute. HFmax, maximal heart rate.
High vertical (vertical) reaction force; high impact on landing.
In normal running and hop there is an impact 2-3 times the weight of the body.
In gymnastics it is over 6-7 times the weight of the body.
In athletic jumps, it may be 10-13 times body weight.
Person with high, good or fast response, to training.
High-intensity Interval Training . Interval training at high and super high intensity. Many different methods. High-intensity training improves fitness as well as a wide range of health parameters. To be used according to fitness level, health and goal.
High-intensity Resistance Training . High-intensity strength training, 6-8 repetitions, heavy load. HIRT is a general term that can cover different types of programs.
High Intensity Training. High-intensity training. Fitness training with high intensity, often as interval training. Also, an older strength training principle, 1 set a 10-12 repetitions per. exercise. Inventor: Arthur Jones. The founder of the Nautilus firm.
Short for Hanging Leg Raise , Hanging Leg Lift.
Equilibrium (constant environment).
High Impact hop on one leg.
Horizontal plane of motion, also transverse plane.
Heart Rate. Pulse rate.
Heart rate monitor. With strap (around heart) measurement. Or by the wrist.
Hand-stand push up. Abbreviation used in CrossFit.
Hang/high squat abbreviation. The exercise starts with the barbell ‘hanging’ around knee height.
Compound. For example, hybrid class, which combines two types of training, Spin’n’Pump.
Extending beyond normal range. Either inadvertently (as in hypermobility) or consciously as in the training of the lower back, where you bend backwards.
Of Greek hyper, ‘bigger’ and trophe ‘nutrition’ or ‘growth’. Increase the size of a tissue or organ by increasing the size of the individual cells (in biological terms). Causes can be abundant nutrition, increased use eg strength training or hormone stimulation.
The term is used especially in connection with muscle growth. Obtained by exercise to fatigue and large volume. There are several methods, but generally the hypertrophy area is 8-12 repetitions.
Of Greek, ‘more’ and ‘development’, ‘formation’. About growth due to the increase in cell count in a tissue.
Breathing increases more than oxygen absorption.
Less than normal.
Of Greek hypo- ‘under’ and trophe ‘nutrition’, ie ‘malnutrition’.
Underdevelopment of a body tissue, tissue reduction (atrophy).
In plant theory, hypotrophy means; A plant develops more strongly on the underside than on the upper side (Large Norwegian Lexicon).
Protein molecule (Hb), which transports the oxygen in the blood.
I Go You Go
Buddy training method: You complete 1 set, then your buddy takes over, then you go again “Without putting the weights down” (if possible). E.g. for 1 minute each.
Instrumental activities within ADL (everyday activities); often household activities such as cooking, cleaning and shopping.
Intermittent fasting. Periodical fasting. There are many methods, such as one day fasting and one day normal (healthy) eating. It helps to maintain muscle mass versus traditional longer lasting fasting, which prevent muscle growth.
IGF-1 Insulin-like growth factor 1
A protein that plays an important role in childhood growth and which has anabolic effect also in adults. The hormone can regulate cell growth and development, especially nerve cells, eg in the brain and muscles.
If It Fits Your Macros ; If it suits your macro (nutrients). The term and abbreviation refers to ensuring that the relevant macronutrient needs (recommended amount of protein, carbohydrate and fat) are met according to one’s needs and objectives with predominantly healthy food, but also according to personal preference; ie eating healthy but without being fanatic – contrary to ‘clean eating’, a diffuse expression of eating healthy and avoiding (all) unhealthy.
IIFYM is predominantly eating healthy, but misinterpreted in many articles, so the diet instead becomes mostly unhealthy. IIFYM article example .
The body’s “defense” system.
Reaction, Impact, Effect. Used frequently about reaction forces in landings, such as low and high impact.
Impact factor (IF)
Impact of a scientific journal; The average number of times citing an article from a given journal, which indicates the relevance of the journal.
The body in anatomical normal position: nose, feet, palms forward.
Leaning upwards. On a slope or incline bench.
Lying on an incline bench or hanging from bar/rings/TRX with head upwards.
Illness caused by bacteria or viruses.
Lower, Lower. Anatomy expression.
Inflammation state in body, caused by overload.
Inflammation is a good thing as an action in recovery, but too much inflammation is associated with many illnesses.
Problems with involuntary urination.
A widespread problem among both women and men. Can in many cases be remedied by Kegel exercises.
Where muscle attacheds to the bone.
Inhalation. Man breathes in via nose and / or mouth.
Nose breathing at rest is healthier (heating / air filtration).
Load on cardiovascular system or muscles.
Between. Anatomy expression. Or: Between participants or between workouts.
Medium level. Training or participant. English.
Period, intermittent training with working and rest periods.
Exercise in intervals, moderate, high or super high intensity. Many different methods.
Defined by training one capacity, typically cardio; a high intensity workg period followed by a recovery period (active rest-pause) repeated a number of times.
Danish program and app with walking interval training. From the Center for Active Health.
Inside. Anatomy expression. Or: In a single workout.
Ipsilateral (English adjective) ( ip’si-lat’ĕr-Al )
At the same side, with reference to a given point. Impacting the same side.
Inner unit. The deeper, stabilizing muscles.
Turning inward, e.g. sole of the foot.
Lack of oxygen.
Muscle contraction at constant speed with the same tension.
Isolation exercise. Exercises for isolated muscle groups in strength training or dance.
Static, muscular work without joint movement.
Dynamic muscle movement.
A more recent term is DCER, dynamic constant external resistance , constant resistance resistance (Fleck, Kraemer, 2004).
Jumping jack. Jumping. Aerobics base step.
Feet jumps in and out.
Improvisation. Music, dance, aerobics free style.
Running. Run at an even, moderate pace, eg around 8-9 km/h.
Jump on both feet, landing on one or both feet, eg squat jump.
Unit of measurement for energy (energy for performing work).
Low intensity training with a strap around the top of a limb (proximal location); for (partial) blood occlusion. See occlusion training. KAATSU is the original Japanese concept.
Heat quantity for heating 1 gram of water 1 degree C.
Intake of more calories than output. Prerequisite for optimal muscle building.
Intake of less calories than outbut. Related to weight loss.
Kilocalorie, 1 kcal is 1000 calories. In many texts, 1 calorie stands for 1 kcal. 1 kcal = 4.2 kJ.
Kilojoule, energy unit. 1 kcal equals 4,186 kJ. 1 kJ = 0.240 kcal.
1000 calories. Abbreviated kcal.
Kettlebell. Ball-like training device with handle. The abbreviation is used in CrossFit.
Ketogen diet (Keto)
Diet with very low carbohydrate level – used by some for weight loss.
Bell-like training device with handle. Girya. Russian strength training equipment. Can be used for all types of strength training exercises, but is especially suited for swing exercises, as well as cleans. From 4-40 kg.
Movement. Often high, straight kick. Aerobics basic step.
An expression for a very small weight plate typically less than 1.25 kg.
About the body’s movements.
Body movement as a function of certain forces.
Movement (movement energy).
Kilopond. The force of gravity in the mass 1 kg:
1 kp = 1 kg x 9,81 m / s2. 1 Newton = 0.10 kp.
Physical work, mechanical energy, is indicated occasionally in kilopond / meter.
1 kp xm = 9.81 Joule. 1 Joule = 0.10 kpm.
Load around a joint of motion.
One-arm kneeling rowing with more repetitions than otherwise and less focus on technique:
Founded by Matt Kroc for the purpose of increasing muscle mass.
Knees two elbows. CrossFit abbreviation. From hanging lift, raise knees to elbows.
The center of gravity of the body, where the mass is collected (at the American COG, center of gravity ).
Lactate (about lactic acid)
Movements away from the body. The term is often used on side laterals, an abbreviation for shoulder side elevation with dumbbells.
Abbreviation for latissimus dorsi (latin), the broad back muscle, the ‘wing muscular’.
Lean Body Mass, fat-free body mass.
Lower extremities, legs.
English. Leading. Start (legs). The leg starts the series of exercises, steps.
English. Hop from one foot to the other. A big running step. In gymnastics and dance.
Distance from the load to the pivot point.
Connects bone with bone.
Low Intensity Steady State. Cardio, circuit training at low moderate intensity.
Low Impact, possibly. LIA, low impact aerobics. Without sweeping phase, at least one foot in the floor.
Lang. Anatomy expression.
A music style, easy listening, laid back rhythmically jazz-inspired music, played in clubs and bars. Very useful for team strength training.
The word ‘lounge’ is sometimes used mistakenly about the strengthening lung (also English pronunciation).
Low back, lower back
Lumbar part of spine, back; five lumbar vertebrae, L1-L5.
Low degree of impact, without running and hoping, at least one foot in the floor.
The term is often used in aerobic pulse training.
Person with low, poor or slow response, on exercise, typical circuit training (maximum oxygen absorption test).
Leisure Time Physical Activity , physical activity in free time. Important health factor.
Other related abbreviations:
PA: Physical Activity, PADL: Physical Activity of Daily Living.
Lumbar pain, keep your back.
Regarding the lumbar part of the spine. 5 lumbar vertebrae, L1-L5.
Occurrence or outcome; originally sudden appearance. With English pronunciation.
Strength training step forward, bent legs. The body is moved in the movement.
Aerobic (pulse) basistrin lung; stretched backwards without moving the body.
Lung (s), Danish pronunciation, are the organs where breathing, rehearsing, takes place.
Damage where the joints are completely displaced. May be caused by illness or injury.
Lift Weights Faster. Generally, expressing weight training with fast movements. Turned to concept and marketed by Jen Sinkler, USA.
The energy used per kg body weight to run one kilometer. With good running economy, less energy is used to carry out the same work (National Board of Health, 2011).
Mass. The mass of a body, weight, is measured in kilograms (kg).
Largest. Can be greatest frequency, greatest oxygen absorption, greatest effort.
pulse The highest pulse you can achieve: Maximum heart rate, HFmax.
It is available for testing. Alternatively, there are several formulas, including 220-age and 208-70% age, for calculating maximum pulse, but with great uncertainty.
Inspiration class with guest instructor. Widely used in team training.
Max effort method
Strong training. The term is used in weightlifting about the heaviest exercise (opposite submaximal and repeated effort).
Big or Biggest. Anatomy expression.
training name, stomach-ball-thigh training.
Mesomorphic body type
, muscular building.
Metabolic Equivalent or Task. Or Metabolic Equivalents. Metabolic equivalent.
Describes oxygen absorption, energy conversion. 1 MET corresponds to energy conversion by maintaining body functions, metabolism, complete rest, also called basal turnover, at which time the body consumes 3.5 ml of oxygen per kilogram of body weight per minute, 1 MET.
During exercise, alcohol consumption rises 3-5 times, 5 MET, of basal turnover, and runs 8-12 times, 8-12 MET.
The MET values appear in the display of many cardiovascular machines.
metabolism. The chemical processes and reactions in the body; energy metabolism.
The metabolism consists of: basal metabolic rate (BMR), food induced thermogenesis (FIT) and physical activity, physical activity level (PAL).
Metabolic Conditioning Workout, CrossFit Abbreviation for Exercise Exercise; puts the combustion in the weather for example with a view to fat loss. It may be circling or series of exercises in rounds without pause, time training or ‘as many repetitions as possible’, AMRAP, as many repetitions (rounds) as possible .
Mechanical rhythm meter used to specify the tempo of a piece of music. It can also be used to maintain a consistent pace in an exercise. You can also get a metronome app.
Myo-fascial release (massage technique). Solving tight muscles and connective tissue with pressure, especially for example rolling with and on foam rolls, massage balls or tennis balls.
MFT (MFE, Master of Fitness and Exercise)
Master of Fitness and Exercise. University degree, 2-year self-financed, at SDU.
(MFT is also IT abbreviation for Master File Table , map of all data on hard disk).
Attention. Method of training concentration. Also provides relaxation and relaxation.
Body in the muscle cell that utilizes the oxygen for the production of ATP.
Moderate Impact, possibly. MIA, moderate impact aerobic. Medium reaction force.
Mixed. For example, mixed impact aerobics. Or mixed grip (combination grip) for simultaneous over and lower grip on lever.
Megajoule. The daily energy needs are described in megajoule. 1 MJ = 1000 kJ.
For adults, energy demand is in the range of 10-14 MJ depending on activity level.
Mixed martial arts. A full-contact martial arts form that allows for use of both stroke and grip, upright and on floor, using techniques from a number of martial arts disciplines.
English for movement. Used for (hold) training of agility and articulation with both static and dynamic stretch along with stability (possibly strength).
Changing a nerve signal.
Exercise is used both in connection with unstructured activity and more conscious, targeted, regular exercise (Health Board, 2011).
Internal and external forces that promote the intention of a particular behavior.
Inner motivation: By light. Outer motivation: Of (some) duty / compulsion.
Part of the brain that has overall control of movements / motorics.
Motor neuron Motor neuron
. Nerve cell that sends signals to the muscle (efferent).
Movement to move. Expressions are used in dance. Of English.
Military press, abbreviation. Shoulder prints with barbell in front of body / face.
music file format. It is a compression format for audio files. It removes tiny shades that the human ear can not hear; The MP3 file does not sound exactly like the original, but very close. An MP3 file can be up to 10 times less than the original file.
Motor unit, motor unit, nerve cell and associated muscle fibers.
CrossFit: Muscle up abbreviation. Hanging from rod or ring, a combined pull-up and dip (press up) are carried out so that you end in vertical armrest.
Contractile tissue for producing joint movement. Consist of muscle fibers, connective tissue (plus tendons). Muscle belly; thick part of the muscle.
Muscle cells. Muscle parts (composed of microscopic protein tissues). There are several types of muscle fibers, common division:
Red, slow, enduring fibers, ST. Intermediate fibers, FTa. Fast, white, fiber, FTx
Sensory organ, which detects length and tension changes in muscle.
Related to the myotatic reflex, which makes the muscle contract.
Protein molecule, which transports the oxygen into the muscle.
Protein string in the muscular contractile element.
Newton. Kg xm / s2 The force that gives the mass 1 kg an acceleration of 1 m / s2.
Non-Exercise Activity Thermogenesis , non-training-related activity thermogenesis (combustion). Small activities that increase combustion; restlessly moving the feet, drumming with fingers, getting up or sitting down, to walk or stroll around.
NEAT activities are important for weight maintenance and health and help weight loss.
Non-exercise physical activity . Physical activity, not training.
Daily activities like standing, walking, household work, gardening etc.
Impulse-conductive tissue. Abbreviated n. Pluralis, nerves, nn.
Amount of nerve impulses to a muscle.
Non-impact, without reaction force; stationary exercises like balances and floor exercises.
Neuro Integrative Action. Bodymind training, mindful special dance.
Found by Debbie and Carlos Rosas, USA.
Person with low, poor or slow response ton exercise. An inaccurate expression because there will be some degree of response in one or more areas; Another, better expression is low responder.
Walking with poles in the hands. Increases the training effect.
Behavior Design. It’s about pointing people towards better habits (diet, exercise, smoking, traffic, hygiene). Nudging seeks to influence people’s behavior without depriving them of their own free will.
Example: Make it easy to find the stairs in a building. Washbasins on the hallways in hospitals.
Abbreviation for One-Arm Chin-ups. With undergrip.
Abbreviation for One-Arm Pull-ups (or One-Arm Push-ups ). With wide overgrip.
Onset or blood lactate accumulation. Threshold where lactic acid production rises markedly.
Overhead Press . Shoulder prints with pole in front of the body with feet in broad standing (or possibly sitting). (One version is military press with feet total).
Overhead Squat, Abbreviation. Deep squat made with lever in stretched, locked, arms over (or rear) head. The arms are held in the same position through the exercise.
Open Kinetic Chain . Open chain. Exercise with the distal segment, remove part of the body part, free (not fixed). For example: Leg extension, leg park, in machine.
Olympic Games (OG, Olympic Games). Every fourth year, global sports competitions are held in selected sports. Weightlifting is an OL discipline
Training Low-stress training with clamping of limbs with straps or the like to reduce blood (venous) reversal. It creates an environment in the muscle that promotes muscle strength and muscle growth.
The method is particularly suitable for injuries, but may be risky for certain target groups. those with blood disorders. Other names for the training include Blood Flow Restricted Training, Tourniquet Training and Kaatsu , which is the original concept with special equipment.
Open-chain (Open Kinetic Chain)
Open chain. Exercise with the distal segment, remove part of the body part, free (not fixed).
For example: Leg extension, leg park, in machine.
Fluid and gas migration through porous walls and obstacles.
Team Training designation of 1 x 8 beat stroke, a phrase, verse line. Equivalent to 2 4/4.
Outer unit, the outer muscles.
damage Damage that occurs over time, eg many repeated lifting with error.
Or Supercompensation. Body responds to exercise by getting stronger.
Overload, extra load, to create physical progress.
Physical Activity , Physical Activity. Other related abbreviations:
PADL: Physical Activity of Daily Living. LTPA: Leisure Time Physical Activity.
Tempo, intensity. Come on, push participants.
Pad (Pads in plural)
Cushion (of English). Can refer to the cushions, the puffs, on machines. Can also refer to a collar to change the lever (eg to motion squat) or small cushions to the hands to improve grip during different exercises such as pull-ups and death lifts.
Physical Activity of Daily Living , physical activity in everyday life (everyday life).
Other related abbreviations:
PA: Physical Activity, LTPA: Leisure Time Physical Activity
Physical Activity Level . A person’s daily activity level expressed as a number that can be used to calculate a person’s total daily energy consumption.
When the basal metabolism is calculated, it is multiplied by the number of general activity along with possible training.
Paleo Diet (Paleolithic Diet)
Stone Age Cost. A diet of fish and lean meat, vegetables, fruit, nuts and seeds and no dairy products, almost no grain, no salt or sugar.
The Paleo Diet idea can be traced back to 1975 (in a book by Walter Voegtlin), further developed by Stanley Boyd Eaton and Melvin Konner and popularized by Loren Cordain in his book The Paleo Diet of 2002. The
Paleo diet has many followers but also many critics .
against the palm of the hand. Anatomy expression.
Post-Activation Potentiation . Heating, heating set and 1 rope. (1 x 1) with maximum load. So break 7 (8-12) minutes. Next, normal sets and ropes.
The heavy lift gears the nervous system to lift more (multiple repetitions).
The method can be used by well-trained to move on, out of a training platform.
Pattern. Movement pattern or shape. English.
Power clean, abbreviation. Used in CrossFit.
Most intensive part of an aerobics, pulse training, lesson.
Peak contraction Muscular
tension (extra) in top position.
Strength training machine (deck) for the training of the chest muscles (pectoralis).
Abbreviation used for pectoralis major (latin), the large breast muscle.
Penetration angle Muscular
fiber angle relative to direction of drawing .
Prevent injury and Enhance Performance. A program for the development of strength and neuromuscular control of the knee (Santa Monica, CA, 1999). With warming, stretch, strength, plyometry and sport-specific agility. 19 items. 20 minutes duration.
Variation, pulsation, in training plan.
By per- and draining of the LAT. treacherous to ‘disturb the disorder’; less disturbing effect in a physical equilibrium system (The Great Danish).
[Man] works on uneven surfaces and exposed to unexpected external power. [Man] must react quickly and functionally with compensatory motion.
(Danish Sports Medicine, No. 2, May, 2002).
The method is used in neuromuscular training in order to perform knee stability, for example, to prevent cross-strain injuries.
Special muscle training with or without tools. By: Joseph Pilates.
Pilates floor exercises without tools are called food exercise .
Team Training . Mix of fitness boxing, pilates and ballet exercises. Inventor: Viveca Jensen, USA.
The body’s movements move into three overall anatomical plans; sagittal plane (forward-backward), frontal plane (lateral) and transverse plane (horizontal plane).
Tone height. Pitch control. Button for adjusting music speed (team training).
against the foot sole. Anatomy expression.
A standstill or evening in the training effect, progress.
Benbøjning in broad standing.
Of Greek plio, longer, and metric, goals. Plyometry (training) refers to prolongation of the muscle, the eccentric phase, which is utilized to increase the power of the subsequent concentric phase. Natalia Verkhoshansky, “Plyometrics are the exercises in which the pliometric (eccentric) regime is used to increase the power output of movement” .
Plyometric Training Spring Force Training
, Explosive Strength Training Focusing on Speed.
Trained for example with 30-45% of 1RM loads.
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation. Muscular activation and stretching technique.
Dance Express. Stretch foot, point foot, is the plantation of foot.
Rounding, the last minutes, subsequent aerobic fitness training.
At the back of the body.
regarding posture, upright position (of English posture).
Kraft and speed at the same time.
Strength lifts. Person who grows power lift, powerlifting.
An international sport with squat, bench press and deadlift. In Danish:
Strength lift. It’s about lifting as much as possible once.
Intense walking training with high speed and powerful arm movements. Training time.
Push press, abbreviation. Shoulder prints with dumbbells, accelerated by bones.
Personal record . Personal record, best result.
Public relations, advertising.
Pres. Press Movement. Push.
In Depth. Anatomy expression.
Prevention (prophylaxis, prevention).
Gradually rising (progression).
Movement with floating phase, the term used in step theory. English.
Passive Range Of Motion, Passive Movement. With external help.
or Method. Search.
Progressive. With progress. Pushy.
Insertion – against the hand or foot.
Commonly (in English), or inline.
Or: Faced with the ‘gastric side’. Hands or feet angled.
Macronutrient, which is made up of amino acids.
Has among other things for function to build and repair the body’s tissues.
to the root, towards the center of the body.
Power Snatch. CrossFit abbreviation.
Pull-up, Body Shock, or Push-up, Armstrong.
Unfortunately, the same abbreviation for two opposing exercises.
Push-up. English. Arms Contractions. Abbreviations are used in CrossFit.
To pull. Pull movements are pulling moves, you pull something or yourself;
eg robberies or pull-ups. Opposite moves are push movements .
Crooked. With narrow or medium grip (chin-up with wide assault).
The maximum pulse minus the rest pulse. Ie the ‘pulse area’ available, eg for physical exercise.
watch Wrist watch and sensor located at heart for pulse measurement.
movements with muscles. Name for concept of muscle strength training.
Pump : Bodybuilder expresses the feeling or sight of an acute trained muscle that has swelled up due to increased blood flow.
To push. Push movements are pressure movements, pushing or pushing something, for example chest prank or shoulder pressure. Opposite moves are pull movements .
Multi-Muscle Exercise: A combination of squat with explosive stretching of legs and at the same time shoulder pressure. Exercises the lower body, body and upper body simultaneously.
Armrest (of English). Push up with your arms. Strong basic exercise for triceps, chest and shoulders. Countless variations.
Strength training method, increasing weight and decreasing repetitions or vice versa or both (double pyramid). Example: 12-10-8-6-8-10-12.
Minimize (cardiac output) = SV x HF. The amount of blood that flows through the heart in a minute.
Quality of life . Quality of life. The abbreviation is seen, for example, in trial reports; QoL is one of the goals of interventions, trials and treatment courses, for the elderly and the sick.
Instructional sign , arm, hand, fingers, in team training. By cue, keywords.
Qi Gong (Qigong)
Several thousand years old Chinese health system, which includes positions, exercises, breathing exercises and mental training. Qigong comes from Qi, vitality or life energy, and Gong of skill gained through regular practice. For health, body and mind.
Quad (quads in majority)
Abbreviation for quadriceps (latin), leaving, thigh muscles.
Quantification of one self; measurement and data collection, so you can spell one’s body and health. Measurement via wearables such as smarture and for example computing with an app or a pc program.
Angle between lines through the straight head of the quadriceps and the knee neck.
Romanian Deadlift. Romanian death lift. A variation of dead leg with stiff legs, stiff-legged deadlift , where the hip is pushed backwards and backwards in the return phase.
Stand (English). Used for all types of racks eg squat rack or multi rack. The term is also used to put the weights or lever back into the stand: To rack the barbell.
Proper reaction exercises take place with unexpected sounds (whistle signals or commands) or light signals to respond quickly.
General reaction exercises are exercises where you quickly get down and up from the floor, possibly with the turn of the body from the back to the back or vice versa.
Pregnancy Hormone , which softens connective tissue.
Strength in relation to body weight, strength compared to others.
Relax, loosen up. English. Used most frequently in wellness.
Pregnancy Hormone , which softens connective tissue.
Abbreviation for Resistance exercise through negative, eccentrically induced Work, s bull training through negative, eccentric work.
Can improve strength, mobility and balance.
Abbreviation for repetition, repeat. A complete repeat of an exercise.
Repeated effort method
Strength training method . The term is used in weightlifting and steering lift on submaksimal training for failure (opposite repeated effort).
Repeat step in team training, especially stout training. Repeat the lift, eg double knee lift or triple heel pull.
Repetition. A simple complete performance of the exercise. 1RM equals 100% load.
English / American expression of resistance resistance is widely used in strength training in the broadest sense; body weight training, elastics, weights etc.
Rest, which ensures rebuild after training.
Rate of Force Development. Power change per unit of time. How fast a muscle or muscle group can develop (maximum) force. Strength increase (0-500 ms).
Used for example to express explosive strength.
Repetition maximum. The maximum muscle can lift X number of times. For example, 1RM or 5RM.
Used as intensity indication: 10 repetitions at 12 RM (so you could have lifted the weight two extra times). Via formula or calculator you can calculate 1RM from eg 10RM.
Range Of Motion, Movement. Full range of motion is recommended (in case of injury, taking into account pain).
Rotate about an axis (medial, lateral, right, left).
Rating of Perceived Exertion. Assessment of effort using Borg scale.
Revolutions per Minute. Revolutions per minute. in cycling and cycling.
Reaction time. Response. The time it takes to prepare and start a movement.
The time interval between a signal (stimulus) that indicates the required movement and start of the movement (Magill R, Andersen D. Motor Learning and Control).
As recommended, prescribed. CrossFit expression: Performed as recommended, ie. eg a WOD, training pass, without any variations.
Popular extraction for ‘back stretches’, the usual exercise, stretching (lifts) the back. What gives muscle training is the stretch, therefore back stretch is a more correct expression in terms of training.
Exercise for back stretching, also called lumbar spine, erector spinae.
Mave or hip starting position. From the bent position, the spine is stretched to a neutral or slightly hyperextended position.
Specific Adaptions to Imposed Demand. Specific adaptation to the required requirements.
You get good at what you train so the training must be tailored to the goal.
Abbreviation for Speed, Agility, Quickness. Can be translated to speed, agility and reaction ability. A newer popular term for agility programs with varying content.
Of sarx (meat) and penia (loss). Loss of muscle mass during normal aging. Defined as a skeletal muscle mass at least two standard deviations below the average muscle mass of a younger reference group of men and women aged 18-40 years (National Board of Health, 2011).
Sumo deadlift, abbreviation. Death lift in a broad position.
Sumo deadlift high pull. CrossFit abbreviation.
Individuals relate to their own abilities in relation to a particular behavior. An important term defined by Albert Bandura. Also called in Danish, ‘mastering expectation’.
Sanseceller who detects severe tension in the tendon.
Nerve cell that transmits input to the central nervous system.
Set (of English). A series of repetitions, repetitions) eg 4 sets of 8 repetitions.
Two sets , to place or set something. Example: Two sets a timer.
Sacro-Iliaca joint. The SI joint is important for normal function in the back.
If there are problems with the ligaments in the SI joint, it causes pain around the pelvis.
Single. For example, single-set training. A simple repetition of an exercise.
Supine abdominal exercise with hip flexion.
Movement, typically a low bent-to-straight skip. Basic step in aerobics.
Abbreviation for Stiff Legged Deadlift. Dead lift with stretched legs.
Glide. Lateral movement. Slide training, training.
Strength training rack with a fixed lever that moves in a vertical track up and down.
Can provide safety and security during solo training.
Snatch, abbreviation, CrossFit.
Weightlifting discipline exercise. The barbell is pulled over the head in one movement and held there shortly, while beinding the legs.
Sanum Per Aquam. Health through water. The spa term is widely used for spa centers with various baths and treatments and about bubble baths found in high-end gyms.
Of Spin, To Roll. Ride a bike. The original concept of indoor team cycling.
Found by Jonathan Goldberg, Johnny G., USA.
Since spinning is a registered trademark, many fitness centers use the general term team cycling, cycling or biking.
stroke per minute. Number of heartbeats per minute, also HF, heart rate.
Specific Physical Preparedness, Specific Physical Readiness, Opposite General Physical Fitness. For example, technical training or sports-specific training.
Squat (leg bend), abbreviation.
Legbend. Standing bending and stretching of legs; knee and hip.
A ‘conquest’; one of the three compulsory strength training disciplines and the perhaps most popular (and relevant) fitness strength training exercise.
Stretch-shortening cycle. An active muscle extension, stretch, eccentric action, immediately followed by a muscle shortening, concentric contraction, in the same muscle. Pretension. Make the movement more powerful, among other things. because of the storage of elastic energy to the concentric phase.
Slow twitch, slow contraction (red muscle fiber). Type 1 fiber.
Sprllemandshop up in the air, eg airjack.
The Newest, Best (American, Now-Danish Expression).
Step, exercise, exercise tool.
Step to side and steady. Widespread aerobic pulse training course.
The ‘dead’, difficult point. The hardest point in the exercise.
Strap (straps in the plural)
a strap or belt, strap or bomuldsrem, which is used to wrap on the rods in the racks or levers to lift the weight to – usually provide finger muscles before the arm and back muscles. An alternative is to acknowledge that the body is only as strong as the weakest joint and gradually build the gripping force with self-exercise and grip training.
Exhale techniques that aim to increase the mobility or decrease the passive muscle resistance (Peter Magnusson). Translated to:
Extension, Extension Program (including Bob Anderson).
an increase in tension in the tissue (Finn Boysen-Møller).
The term is often used for stretching, stretching exercises, to counteract tight muscles or increase mobility.
Myotatisk reflex. Reflex that causes the muscle to contract.
The reflexes are triggered from the muscles that sense changes in the muscle.
Abbreviation for substitute, replace (or substitute). For example, replace an exercise with another. Sub also means ‘below (a given level)’.
Submaximal effort method
Strength training method . The term is used in weightlifting and steering lift on submacimal training with excess, not for failure (opposite repeated effort).
Stand-up paddle or stand up paddleboarding. Paddle on large surf-like board. Has become a popular form of sports, sports and exercise. Some personal trainers use SUP training as all-round exercise, core and balance training.
At the surface. Anatomy expression.
Or Overcompensation. Body responds to exercise by getting stronger.
Of Superse T, American. You switch between two different exercises. For example, agonist antagonist superset (for opposing muscle groups) or compound superset (two different exercises for the same muscle group).
with the backside. Outside of the hand or foot back.
Stroke volume, blood volume per heartbeat.
The period of time when the heart ventricles are contracting.
A number of repetitions performed sequentially without pause.
A ‘series’. For three sets or series, it can be written either:
3 x 10 (sets are typically mentioned first in fitness) or 10 x 3 (typically in weightlifting).
Transversus Abdominis. The transverse abdominal muscle.
Chinese folk gymnastics with very slow movements. Can also be performed quickly as martial arts training. Inventor: Cheng Wang Ting.
Shock, change. Touch. Lightly bend your toe to the floor to change your legs.
of English, losing , diminishing. Scheduled (and controlled) reduction of training amount.
Step training team training expression and method; Exercise that eliminates leg shifts (lead shift) with tap steps (especially floor down), which can be hard to see.
Total Body Conditioning. Among other things. Concept of Circle Training launched by Nike in the 90’s.
teaches Teaching by two or more teachers.
Sene, connects muscle with bone.
Male sex hormone. Affects muscle building positively.
Turkish Get-up. Exercise where with kettlebell or weight in one arm rises from the floor and up to standing position. Available in several variations.
Constant ring for the ears. May be overly loud. Can be relieved slightly, but not healed.
Regarding the breast part of the spine. 12 (breast) vertebrae, T1-T12.
Total weight. Total weight in kilos or tons. Also called volume.
Example (squat): 100 kg x 5 rows. x 5 sets = 2500 kg = 2.5 tons.
Can refer to total weight in exercise or in training session (sum of tonnage in all exercises).
Touch. Touch. Suppression steps as loss. English.
Trap (traps and trapz)
Abbreviation for trapezius (Latin), the neck muscles, is also called the hood or cape muscle (also covering a large part of the back).
Scheduled and structured physical activity that is performed regularly to maintain or improve physical form and well-being.
band Flat, wide, long stretch of elastic for exercise and rehabilitation.
Available, approx. 2½-3m, or in rolls, so you can cut pieces yourself.
Enables exercises and special exercises with great moves.
Correctly vulnerable material, runs relatively easily into pieces.
Toes to bar. CrossFit expression: Hanging from rod or ring. Bend only around the hip and raise your toes and touch the rod or call. Lower with control.
Same as tubular training elastic “band”.
Lightweight, useful and durable.
Prosthesis. Anatomy expression.
Bone protrusion. Anatomy expression.
High jump where the knees are pulled up against the stomach.
To change direction.
Time Under Tension. Time under load, typically the duration of a set (strength training).
Longer time under tension is one factor, which promotes hypertrophy.
Or side lung , one foots outwards and pushes back again.
Outbreaks can also be used if the onset of lung occurs before you step forward.
The amount of oxygen from the artery blood absorbed by the cells.
An increase in tension in the tissue (Finn Bojsen-Møller).
The withdrawal is often used in connection with stretch exercises.
Upper extremities, arms.
Only one side, one arm and / or leg, works – opposite bilateral.
Valsava maneuver Exercise
Expiration with vocal cords closed. May cause fainting.
Blood vessels, which transports venous blood back to the heart.
Towards the front (belly) of the body.
Vastus Medialis Oblique. Part of the vastus medialis (quadriceps) muscle, the thigh muscle.
The muscle is located just above and at the inside of the knee skull. The VMO fibers are more oblique than the other fibers in the vastus medialis.
The muscle is very important in order to stabilize the knee skull.
Quantity, amount of training. Can refer to tonnage total kilo lift and / or amount of sets and repetitions total in a training session or in the week’s training.
Maximum oxygen absorption capacity, maximum volume oxygen (O2).
Popular step pattern in step (up) training. One walks up and down in broad-standing and down and collects feet again.
Threadmill without a motor. One keeps walking fast.
Prior to exercise, raising the heart rate and body temperature gradually for 5-20 minutes. General and specific activity, which prepares the body for activity.
Watt, W, is a physical unit of measurement for effect.
1 watts is the power that is provided when a work (or energy conversion) is performed every 1 second, ie 1 W = 1 J / s.
Wearables (wearable technology)
Tech equipment that measures the body’s health and performance. Smart watches, fit trackers, goggles a.o. that can measure heart rate, watt, step, distance, calorie burn, sleep, and more. Worn on the body.
Feeling well. Being well.
Wellness comes from ‘well’, English, which has several meanings, for example, to be quick and to be well. It can be translated into well-being.
Wellness includes physical, mental, emotional, spiritual and social well-being.
The wellness word is now used for spa activities, swimming, massage and various body and beauty treatments.
Strength Lifting Program that significantly increases the strength. Designed by Jim Wendler. 3 training days per week. Basic exercises squat, bench press, deadlift, shoulder pressure. See structure and system on muscle and strength.
Wireless (microphone). Used in group exercise.
WO (W / O)
Workout, abbreviation. Exercise.
Workout Of The Day. The program for today’s training. Expression from CrossFit.
An exercise session.
Course with practical and theoretical educational content.
Elastic tube from the company SPRI. Training Tubefor resistance training
American abbreviation for crosstraining, combining multiple types of training.
CrossFit Expression: You’ll Be Fine. About: It’s going to be fine.
Thousand year old Indian training. The main goal is increased attention and focus, a higher spiritual state. Respiratory control, pranayama , and physical exercises, asanas , are only part of yoga. There are many different yoga forms.